Compensation is subcategorised into two different categories; general damages and special damages. For the purpose of this discussion we are solely discussing that of special damages and what it entails.
The rationale for special damages is to reimburse you, the victim, for any expenses you have incurred as a result of an accident you may have suffered. Depending on the severity of an accident, special damages allows you to claim compensation for fees incurred such as medical expenses, travelling costs in relation to the latter, medical assistance and medical aids such as a wheelchair.
In addition, special damages encompasses compensation for loss of earnings and any future earnings if the injury you have sustained has had an adverse effect on your health to prevent you working in the future. There are a number of factors that will be considered when determining a sum to be awarded in the area of loss of earnings, such as, likely future promotions and pensions.